Men are more than three times as likely as women to lose points from their driving licences for motoring offences, and nine times more likely to be banned for drink-driving, figures from Spain’s General Directorate of Traffic (DGT) show.
In the 10 years since the points-based driving licence was introduced in Spain, just under five million men had committed nearly nine million offences between them, losing 27.5 million points.
The points system works differently to that of the UK, where points are added to a licence for offences and this is withdrawn and the driver is banned at 12 points – in Spain, drivers start with 12 points, rising to 15 after three years with a clean record, and these are deducted when offences are committed.
Meanwhile, just under two million women have committed 2.73 million offences in the last decade, losing nearly eight million points.
In total, this means men’s licence point loss exceeds that of women 3.4 times over.
The most points lost by men were recorded in Madrid over the decade since this type of licence was introduced, at 3.74 million, followed by Barcelona, at 3.08 million, Valencia at 1.28 million and Sevilla at 1.21 million.
These four provinces are home to the four largest cities in Spain in that order.
For women, Madrid once again tops the list with 1.25 million points lost, followed by just under 965,000 in Barcelona, 330,500 in A Coruña in the north-western region of Galicia, 325,360 in Valencia and 325,730 in Pontevedra, also in Galicia.
Of all those drivers who have been banned for exceeding the alcohol limit, nine in 10 are men, the DGT reveals.
Accident statistics show that 47.1% of drivers killed in road crashes in the last year had consumed alcohol or drugs beforehand.
Of these, two-thirds had been drinking, and of those, three-quarters were five times over the legal limit of 0.25 grams of alcohol per litre of breath.
Nearly a third – 31.64% – of drivers who died in road traffic accidents in the last year had been taking drugs, half of whom had been consuming cocaine and 44%, cannabis.
Another 13.7% had taken drugs of opiate extraction, and 2.3% had taken speed, ecstasy or similar.
The National Institute of Toxicology says the typical profile of a driver killed in a car crash is that of a man aged between 25 and 55 who had consumed both alcohol and drugs.
Even pedestrians fatally knocked down were found to have been drinking or on drugs – six in 10 were drunk, four in 10 had taken so-called ‘legal high’ substances and a third had taken drugs, whilst three quarters of those who had been drinking were five times over the limit for driving.
A typical profile of a pedestrian killed is that of a man aged 50 or over who had been consuming alcohol or ‘legal high’ substances, the Institute reveals.